Melody, Pitch, and Layers of Sound and Patterns – Lesson Plan

Lesson Plan

Name: Kaytlyn Placatka

Date: November 1st, 2017

Subject: Arts Education

Grade: Four

Content (Topic):

Melody, Pitch, and Layers of Sound and Patterns

Instructional Strategies:

  • Active Participation
  • Guided Discussion
  • Direct Instruction


CP4.6 Create and perform music (voice and instrumental) that demonstrates knowledge of:

  • form (e.g., round, call/response, verse/chorus, rondo)
  • rhythm, beat, and metre (e.g., triplets, 3/4 metre, syncopation; expressive use of tempo and dynamics)
  • pitch, melody, and pentatonic scale (do, re, mi, sol, la, do)
  • harmony and texture (e.g., layers of sound and patterns, partner songs)
  • timbre (e.g., instrument classifications).


G. Investigate shape/contours of melody by exploring pitches and rhythms in songs and music, and arranging pitches and rhythms in own compositions.

H. Sing partner songs and experiment with layering two or more pitches to create harmony.

I. Investigate and analyze the arrangement of ascending and descending pitch patterns/scales.

Prerequisite Learning:

  • Though it is not required for this lesson, students that have prior knowledge of the pentatonic scale will, most likely, grasp the concept of today’s lesson with more ease.

Differentiated Learning/Adaptive Dimensions:

  • Chorus will be written on the board as an aid for students to look at.
  • Words that are new, or strange sounds, will be written/sounded out for students so they have a clear understanding of how the words/sounds are pronounced before students begin singing.

Preparation (Materials, Resources, Equipment):

  • Piano
  • iPad
  • Sheet Music
  • Lyrics for students to follow along with

Student Engagement/ Classroom Management Strategies:

  • Video
  • Active Participation
  • I do, then you do
  • Call and Response Strategies

Set (Min 10 )

Students will be shown the following video  (starting at 0:50) in order to spark their interest in the lesson they will be learning about. Next, we will activate the students’ prior knowledge revisiting what they have learned about the pentatonic scale (do, re, mi, sol, la, do). We will build off of that knowledge and define what pitch is and how it connects to the pentatonic scale. Lastly, I will ask what students know about melody and ask that they share with the class.

Development (Min 20-25 )

Using the Looper app, as a class, we will sing in harmony and record part of a song, The Lion Sleeps Tonight, in a variety of pitches; starting low and making our way up higher. We will then play the recording we have created on the app and sing along to the song. Following this, we will then move to the piano where students will explore layering and creating patterns by splitting the class into two groups and having the students sing two different parts of the song, The Lion Sleeps Tonight, at the same time.

Closure (Min 5-10 )

Upon the completion of our activity, we will come together as a large group and discuss what we learned, liked, or did not like about the lesson of the day. Students then will then complete an exit slip that will be used to check for basic understanding of today’s material.